This month's issue of Laboratory Design Newsletter features articles on sustainable lab design and energy-efficient lab strategies. Features include sustainable lab design going mainstream, pushing energy-efficient lab design, strategies for sustainable lab design, flexible design and I2SL abstracts.
Most architects who design labs have considerable experience and knowledge, but some projects...
There has been much speculation about what the academic scientific workplace of the future will...
Throughout the past 15 years, an emphasis on energy-efficient lab operations has become a major influence in lab design. This fact is driven by a number of forces, from practical considerations surrounding operational costs, to policy issues related to sustainable development and carbon reduction.
Sustainable design has grown in prominence in recent years as most projects aspire to some level of environmentally conscious design. Research institutions now recognize the significant environmental impacts of their lab facilities, and owners are willing to think creatively to reduce resource utilization, improve interior environments and save capital costs.
Trend watchers note flexibility has become the new buzzword for research-bay design. At the same time, there’s a great deal of confusion as to what flexibility means. Among some client groups, the term mistakenly refers to lab space that can be setup within a commercial office building lacking the infrastructure typically needed for vent hoods, cleanrooms and the like.
The 2014 I2SL Annual Conference was the 16th consecutive lab sustainability conference for high-tech facility engineers, architects, planners, developers, operators and owners. Formerly known as the Labs21 Annual Conference, the 2014 I2SL Annual Conference showcased the significant accomplishments and experiences of the high-tech facility industry by offering a variety of parallel technical tracks and symposia.
The recently designed Univ. of Colorado Boulder Sustainability, Energy and Environment Complex (SEEC) implemented a Konvekta intelligent high-efficiency heat-recovery system with MeeFog direct evaporative cooling. Labs typically implement one of four systems including run-around loops, energy-recovery wheels, refrigerant heat pipes or plate heat exchangers.
It’s no secret lab facilities carry the burden of a large energy demand. Reasons for this high demand include the significant plug loads of specialized lab equipment, the high ventilation air change rates often implemented in lab spaces and the large volumes of hazardous exhaust air that must be moved out of the building.
Labs are far more energy intensive than typical commercial buildings, but not all labs consume energy for the same reasons. Most available design guidance for labs provides a list of energy-efficiency strategies that include reducing design air change rates, decoupling cooling and ventilation systems and employing variable-air-volume fume hoods.
Nearly 40% of the total U.S. energy consumption in 2012 was consumed by residential and commercial buildings, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. While each building is a consumer of energy, they also contain energy resources that are under-utilized or not even considered as energy resources.
The 50,000-sf New Technology and Learning Center (NTLC) for Bristol Community College (BCC) in Fall River, Mass., brings together currently disparate programs from across campus, including chemistry, biology and medical and dental education. It holds an energy-dense program, including 22 fume hoods, high plug loads and specific ventilation and lighting requirements.
Univ. of Washington’s Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences (UW DEOHS) has 20 labs used for research, education and analytical services. Activities not only focus on environmental and workplace factors that affect health, but practices within. DEOHS labs haven’t been assessed for their impacts on health and sustainability. DEOHS has the capability and responsibility to provide leadership and serve as an exemplary model.
In 2013, Emory Univ. pulled together a multidisciplinary team of individuals from the Office of Sustainability Initiatives, Environmental Health and Safety Office, Office of Procurement, Campus Services and research labs to develop the university’s first Green Lab Program. In early 2014, the team kicked off the program to a small pilot group to test the initiatives and provide essential feedback.
When making the decision to invest in a building retrofit, an energy audit is performed to collect information about the facility’s existing systems, geometry, use type and energy consumption. Through performing an energy audit, the facility owner and those individuals analyzing the building are able to sense how the building systems are performing, while identifying potential retrofit upgrades.
The objective of this presentation is to demonstrate how BIM, created for a university research lab facility, can be successfully leveraged by an owner beyond initial building construction. Through the example of the new Univ. of Colorado at Boulder’s Jennie Smoly Caruthers Biotechnology Building, we will illustrate how the university and facilities management staff played an integral part of the construction BIM coordination process.
The importance of BIM and efficient lab systems at the Collaborative Life Sciences Building and Skourtes TowerDecember 8, 2014 11:50 am | by John McMichael, Interface Engineering and Wade Snyder, JE Dunn Construction | Articles | Comments
School is truly back in at Oregon Health & Science Univ. (OHSU)’s recently completed Collaborative Life Sciences Building. The building, along with Skourtes Tower, is the result of a joint venture between Portland State Univ., Oregon State Univ. and Oregon Health & Science Univ., and is designed to foster collaboration among students and instructors from the multiple institutions.
Multidisciplinary research building adapts energy conservation, flexibility to meet specific user needsDecember 8, 2014 11:35 am | by Tyler Dykes, PE, CDT, LEED AP, Affiliated Engineers Inc. | Articles | Comments
The Univ. of Florida (UF) Research and Academic Center at Lake Nona is a four-story, 100,000-sf research and conference center with academic classrooms for graduate-level pharmacy courses, research labs with bioinformatics and specialized lab functions, a call center for clinical research programs associated with the Institute on Aging and administrative office facilities.
The Agensys campus is a consolidation of four different client sites throughout the city of Santa Monica, Calif., into one research campus. The facility consists of flexible research labs and support spaces, a GMP manufacturing and pilot plant, a central plant, administrative offices, a fitness center, a public café, a sculpture garden and a conferencing center.
Adapting to platinum: A case study of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Earth Sciences BuildingDecember 8, 2014 10:55 am | by Stan Lew, AIA, LEED AP, Principal, RMW Architecture & Interiors and Richard Stanton, AIA, Director, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Articles | Comments
With limited campus space and funds, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory frequently repurposes existing facilities. When Building 74 was slated for seismic retrofitting, it was an opportunity to upgrade the 50-year-old lab and office building to meet modern needs and reconfigure a facility that suffered from a lack of common space and clear circulation.
We took the opportunity to look at a pair of lab projects for the Univ. Massachusetts Amherst (UMA)—the Life Science Laboratories (LSL) and the Physical Sciences Building (PSB)—and looked at how the approach to ventilation varies by lab type and how the changes in current standards impacted the design to give a sense of where we are headed in the design of chemistry labs and, in particular, fume hoods.
The San Francisco Office of the Chief Medical Examiner is an essential forensic medical complex with autopsy suite and field investigation facilities required to operate after an earthquake event. There are four levels of biosafety, from BSL-1 to BSL-4. Further classifications are prescribed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) for each of the four BSLs (ABSL-1 to 4) when dealing with animals.
Right-sizing energy-efficient cleanrooms: Lessons learned from Harvard LISE and other peer institutionsDecember 5, 2014 4:24 pm | by Jacob Werner, Associate, Wilson Architects and Jacob Knowles, Director of Sustainable Design, Bard, Rao + Athanas Consulting Engineers LLC | Articles | Comments
Cleanrooms are energy hogs. But cleanroom energy use serves direct experimental needs. How do we balance these demanding requirements against institutional goals for greater sustainability? The Harvard Univ. Laboratory for Integrated Science and Engineering (LISE) cleanroom began operation in 2006.
All mechanically refrigerated ultra-low temperature (ULT) freezers using cascade refrigeration systems are commoditized and rely upon the same cooling technology with little difference in performance from one brand to another. Freezers of this type are typically sold through multiple competing channels either singly or in volume on a relationship basis with significant discounts offered.
Automated washing systems are often used for critical cleaning and drying applications in research, pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical manufacturing facilities. Typical applications include cleaning of lab glassware and parts from equipment used in the manufacturing of parenterals, oral liquid and solid dosage drugs.
I2SL is pleased to acknowledge the winners of the 2014 Go Beyond Awards. Go Beyond Award winners show their commitment to excellence in sustainability in lab and other high-tech facility projects by going beyond the facility itself to consider shared resources, infrastructure and services and neighboring communities, and contribute to increased use of energy-efficient and environmentally sustainable designs, systems and products.
Greenheck’s Vektor line of high-plume lab and fume exhaust systems has expanded with the addition of two new models. The Vektor-CH utilizes a high-velocity discharge nozzle that efficiently exhausts air above the roof. In combination with a centrifugal blower, the Vektor-CH achieves high pressures and flow rates commonly required by fume exhaust systems.
To meet the need for optimum efficiency and energy savings across building loads, Armstrong Fluid Technology has introduced its Design Envelope pumps available with single-phase motors. Suitable for light commercial, residential and industrial applications using single-phase power, the pumps allow designers, contractors, project managers and building owners to choose the best pumping solution for their specific needs.
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